Manitoba Historical Society
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Memorable Manitobans: George William Northwood (1876-1959)

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George William Northwood
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Architect, war hero.

Born at Ottawa, Ontario on 12 December 1876, son of William Northwood and Margaret Wilson, he was educated the Ottawa College Institute and McGill University (Montreal). In 1900, he commenced a career as an architect with K. Arnoldi of Ottawa.

In 1905, he came to Winnipeg and practiced until early 1907 with William Wallace Blair. He was responsible for designing many fine buildings around the city. He also had a business interest in the Manitoba Linseed Oil Company and National Securities Company.

With the outbreak of the First World War, when he went overseas with the 8th Battalion. Captured by the Germans in 1915, he returned to Winnipeg in 1918 as a Major, having been awarded the Military Cross. He established the firm Northwood and Chivers in partnership with Cyril William Upton Chivers.

From 1931 to 1933, he was Dominion superintendent of unemployment and farm relief. He was a Chairman of the Sanatorium Board of Manitoba (1943-1948). He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada in 1938. He was President of the Manitoba Association of Architects (1923) and Manitoba Club (1931-1932). Later in his life he was President of the Northern Canadian Mortgage Company.

In 1906, he married Augusta Campion “Gussie” Simson (c1880-1960) of Thorold, Ontario and they had four daughters: Mary Frances Margaret Northwood (1907-1994, wife of Richard Henry Gardyne Bonnycastle), Marget Constance Northwood (1909-?), Rosamund Campion Northwood (1911-?, wife of Charles Pritchard), and Barbara Northwood (1915-?, wife of George Blackwell).

He died at Winnipeg on 15 December 1959 and was buried in the St. John’s Cathedral Cemetery.

Some of his architectural works in Manitoba included:

Building

Location

Year

Status

Naylor House

797 Honeyman Avenue, Winnipeg

1905

 

Boyce Block

48 Lydia Street, Winnipeg

1906

 

Ryan Block

44 Princess Street, Winnipeg

1906

 

Northern Crown Bank

654 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg

1908

 

Crescent Court

207 Hugo Street North, Winnipeg

1908

 

Guest Block (expansion)

596-598 Main Street, Winnipeg

1909

 

Miller House

42 Balmoral Street, Winnipeg

1909

 

Kirkland Apartments

377 Carlton Street, Winnipeg

1909

 

Lancaster Apartments

411 Stradbrook Avenue, Winnipeg

1909

 

Vermont Court

377 Carlton Street, Winnipeg

1909

 

Mrs. F. M. McDonald Residence

555 Wellington Crescent, Winnipeg

1909-1910

 

Wellington Apartments

264-276 Wellington Crescent, Winnipeg

1909-1910

 

Bannatyne Apartments

545 Bannatyne Avenue, Winnipeg

1910

 

Columbia Block

853-857 Sherbrook Street, Winnipeg

1910

 

Lilac Court

172 Lilac Street, Winnipeg

1910

 

Phoenix Block

388 Donald Street, Winnipeg

1910

 

St. Helena Court

226 Cockburn Street North, Winnipeg

1910

Demolished (?)

S. E. Richards Residence

638 Wellington Crescent, Winnipeg

1911

 

Richards and Brown Warehouse

132 James Avenue, Winnipeg

1911

 

Ulrich House

54 Balmoral Street, Winnipeg

1911

 

Finnie and Murray Block / Western Glove Works

321 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg

1912

 

Mrs. R. J. Whitla Residence

151 Yale Avenue, Winnipeg

1912

 

Benard House

40 East Gate, Winnipeg

1912

 

Fontana Apartments

321 Stradbrook Avenue, Winnipeg

1913

 

Ralph Connor House

54 West Gate, Winnipeg

1913

 

Pantages Theatre (supervision)

180 Market Avenue, Winnipeg

1913-1914

 

After 1919

See Northwood and Chivers

Sources:

Ontario birth registration, Ancestry.

Birth registrations, Manitoba Vital Statistics.

1911 Canada census, Automated Genealogy.

Who’s Who in Western Canada: A Biographical Dictionary of Notable Living Men and Women of Western Canada, Volume 1, edited by C. W. Parker, Vancouver: Canadian Press Association, 1911.

Marriage [Rosamund Campion Northwood], Winnipeg Tribune, 3 September 1942, page 16.

“George W. Northwood dead at 83,” Winnipeg Free Press, 15 December 1959.

Obituary [Augusta C. Northwood], Winnipeg Tribune, 18 April 1960, page 12.

Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by John M. “Jack” Bumsted, Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1999.

George William Northwood, Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada, 1800-1950.

We thank Nathan Kramer, Christian Cassidy, Jordan Makichuk, and Lyle Brennen for providing additional information used here.

This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough.

Page revised: 6 August 2022

Memorable Manitobans

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