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Historic Sites of Manitoba: Augustine United Church / Augustine War Memorial (444 River Avenue, Winnipeg)

Link to:
Clerics | Photos & Maps | Sources

The congregation’s first service was held on 26 June 1887 at the old Pembina School, having purchased this site in April 1887 at a cost of $800. A wooden frame church was erected that year with seating for 200. Completed at a cost of $2,062.71, a vestry and classroom opened on 28 August 1892. The structure was moved to the back of the property in April 1903 and used as a Sunday School. It was demolished in April 1909.

The present structure, a municipally-designated historic site, was built in 1903 to meet a rapid increase in the local population. Considered one of Winnipeg’s finest examples of Gothic Revival architecture, it is distinguished by its use of the pointed arch, flying buttresses, and rib vault. The church was designed by local architect J. H. G. Russell and built of limestone, completed in 1910 at a cost of $65,000. The cornerstone of the building was laid with a silver trowel by Lady McMillan on 23 June 1903. Its contents were:

  • Scroll naming Royal, Dominion, Provincial, municipal, military and church officials
  • A descriptive church history since 1887
  • Program of ceremony, along with church officials
  • Photographs of all four pastors to that date, along with photos of the old and new church
  • Scriptures, psalter, hymnal, and brief catechism of the church
  • Copies of The Record, Presbyterian, Westminster, and Witness, of Halifax
  • Annual reports of the General Assembly, Synod of Manitoba and Northwest Territories, and Presbyterian churches of Winnipeg
  • Sermon copy (given at Vancouver, British Columbia in June 1903) of Rev. Dr. Bryce (retired moderator of the General Assembly)
  • Canadian coins since coronation of King Edward VII
  • Canadian postage stamps issued during the reign of Queen Victoria
  • List of financial contributors to the church building fund
  • Copies of the 20 June 1903 issues of the Winnipeg Free Press, Winnipeg Telegram, Winnipeg Tribune, and Town Topics.

On the front (north) lawn of the church is a beautifully carved stone memorial commemorating parishioners who died in the First World War. It was dedicated at a ceremony on 10 October 1920.

Clerics

Period

Cleric

1887

Rev. Norman Russell BA

1887-1891

Andrew Browning Baird (1855-1940)

1891-1900

Roderick George McBeth [MacBeth] (1858-1934)

1900-1915

Gilbert B. Wilson (1867-1962)

Photos & Maps

Augustine United Church

Augustine United Church (2010)
Source: City of Winnipeg

Augustine United Church

Augustine War Memorial (October 2014)
Source: Gordon Goldsborough

Site Location (lat/long): N49.87925, W97.14556
denoted by symbol on the map above

Church Parishioners Killed in the First World War

Name

Occupation

Service

Rank

Birth Date

Death Date

George Adams

Teamster

43rd Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1883

15 April 1917

Robert Frederick Aitken

Chemist

78th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Lieutenant

1894

9 April 1917

Earl S. Alward

Steam fitter

9th Battalion, Canadian Railway Troops

Sapper

1896

3 November 1917

John Robertson Baird
[Canadian Club]

Bookkeeper

1st Canadian Mounted Rifles

Private

1891

5 June 1916

Andrew Stuart Baird

Lawyer

14th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Lieutenant

1891

8 August 1918

Samuel Percy Benson
[Canadian Club]

Jewelry engraver

78th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Lieutenant

1887

9 April 1917

Peter William Bissett

Student

1st Battalion, Canadian Machine Gun Corps

Private

1896

14 July 1916

Douglas Upton Cameron

Agent

2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles

Major

1886

30 October 1917

Cecil Jardine Farr

Accountant

46th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Lieutenant

1888

12 April 1917

Wiliam James Ferguson

Railroad Brakeman

8th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1891

5 November 1919

Leonard Foster

?

?

?

?

?

Allan Watson Fraser

?

Royal Flying Corps

Cadet

?

30 May 1917

John C. Grant

Chauffeur

16th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1888

12 April 1917

John “Jack” Grant
[Next of Kin]

Dry Goods Salesman

27th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

9 January 1892

6 November 1917

Augustin Hague

Clerk

27th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1895

3 October 1916

William John Douglas Harrison

Contractor

8th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1887

14 June 1916

Archibald Sinclair Hunter

Coach cleaner

43rd Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1889

23 May 1916

J. G. Hunter

?

?

?

?

?

George Wilkin Kaslake

Teamster

10th Company, Canadian Machine Gun Corps

Private

1890

27 October 1916

Victor Robert Keeling

Trainman

Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigade

Private

1887

24 March 1918

Maxwell George Kruspe

Druggist

27th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1892

27 July 1917

John Lumsden

Trainman

4th Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery

Gunner

1892

24 April 1917

Thomas Lumsden

Brakeman

43rd Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1892

7 June 1916

Herbert George Maybank

Student

29th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1893

19 April 1916

William George McCaully

Collector

8th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1895

26 September 1916

James Irvine McClellan

Banker

16th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1892

4 September 1916

Donald MacDonald

?

?

?

?

?

Alexander McFeat

Clerk

Royal Canadian Regiment

Private

1892

22 December 1916

Donald Roy McKellar

Retail buyer and manager

16th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1892

4 September 1916

Edgar Alexander McLennan

Bank clerk

14th Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery

Driver

1897

14 September 1917

Joseph Robert Morton

Labourer

The Royal Canadian Regiment

Private

1890

31 October 1917

Thomas Patterson DCM & Bar
[Next of Kin]

Car Inspector

27th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Company Sergeant Major

1 August 1873

3 May 1917

James Ernest Robertson
[Canadian Club]

Barrister

27th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Lieutenant

20 June 1879

9 March 1916

Robert William Shirley

Farmer

78th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Lance Corporal

1897

11 August 1918

Clarence Gordon Simpson

Clerk

1st Canadian Mounted Rifles

Sergeant

1887

13 April 1917

William Rowe Smith

Clerk

72nd Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1878

4 April 1917

Alfred Charles Steele

Bookkeeper

8th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1889

26 September 1916

Alexander MacBeth Sutherland

Student

Royal Air Force

2nd Lieutenant

1897

2 July 1918

Robert Sutherland

Clerk

43rd Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1889

8 October 1916

Robert Buchanan Young

Bookkeeper

16th Battalion, Canadian Infantry

Private

1893

16 May 1916

See also:

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Municipally Designated Historic Sites

Sources:

“Augustine Church,” Manitoba Daily Free Press, 9 August 1887, page 4.

“Tenders,” Winnipeg Tribune, 26 February 1903, page 2.

“Augustine Presbyterian Church,” Winnipeg Tribune, 2 March 1903, page 1.

“Lady M’Millan to lay stone,” Winnipeg Tribune, 20 June 1903, page 10.

“Opening of new St. Augustine’s,” Winnipeg Tribune, 24 June 1903, page 2.

“Augustine new church,” Winnipeg Tribune, 7 October 1904, page 1.

“Dedicatory services of Augustine Church,” Winnipeg Tribune, 17 October 1904, page 5.

“Dedication is completed,” Winnipeg Tribune, 24 October 1904, page 4.

“Augustine Church organ,” Manitoba Morning Free Press, 18 February 1905, page 14.

“Augustine addition,” Winnipeg Tribune, 19 April 1909, page 9.

“Augustine Church Fort Rouge’s pride,” Winnipeg Tribune, 19 December 1914, page 25.

“Will dedicate war memorial,” Winnipeg Tribune, 9 October 1920, page 1.

Information for this page was provided by The City of Winnipeg’s Planning, Property and Development Department, which acknowledges the contribution of the Government of Manitoba through its Heritage Grants Program.

For the names of First World War casualities from Manitoba who do not appear on any physical monument in the province, see the Manitoba Historical Society War Memorial. If you know of a name that is omitted from this list, please contact the MHS War Memorial Researcher Darryl Toews (darryl@mhs.mb.ca).

Soldiers of the First World War - Canadian Expeditionary Force, Library and Archives Canada.

Canadian Virtual War Memorial, Veterans Affairs Canada.

Financial support for research reported on this page was provided by the Manitoba Heritage Grants Program (2015-2016).

Augustine United (Presbyterian) Church, 444 River Avenue, City of Winnipeg Historical Buildings Committee, September 2007.

This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough, Nathan Kramer, and Darryl Toews.

Page revised: 19 September 2016

Historic Sites of Manitoba

This is a collection of historic sites in Manitoba compiled by the Manitoba Historical Society.

Browse lists of:
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Please note that inclusion in this collection does not mean that a particular site has special status or protection. Some sites are on private property and permission must be secured from the owner prior to visiting.

Site information is provided by the Manitoba Historical Society as a free public service only for non-commercial purposes.


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