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Manitoba History: A Cup of Cold Water: Alfred Kirkness and the Brandon Residential School Cemeteries

by Anne Lindsay, Clare Cook, and David Cuthbert

Number 78, Summer 2015

The text of this article is not available online at this time.

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Click the icon at left for the Table of Contents of this issue.

Notes:

1. Melvin J. Shelley, PEng, City Manager, City of Brandon. Shelley was appointed City Manager in 1962. Brandon Sun, 4 July 2012.

2. Andrews began his research career in 1949 at the Department of Agriculture`s Winnipeg Research Station. In 1951 he transferred to the Lethbridge Experimental Farm, and was made Director of the Brandon Experimental Farm from 1960 to 1965. Returning to Lethbridge, Andrews directed the Research Station at Lethbridge, AB from 1969 to 1981. In 1981, he was named the Department of Agriculture’s senior administrator for Western Canada. Lethbridge Herald, 9 July 9 1982; Canada, Government of, Brandon Research Centre, 1886-2011, Celebrating 125 Years (2011), page 2; Sheila Torgunrud, The Lethbridge Research Centre: Journey to the Centennial and Beyond (2006), page 33.

3. “Mystery of Graves at Curran Park is Solved,” Brandon Sun, 5 June 1963, second section.

4. It is likely that his mother died when he was very young, which is probably why he was sent to the school at such an early age. Ellen Kirkness is noted as deceased in Alfred Kirkness’ 1908 application to the school. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 1984-85/402, Volume 13761, “Admission of Pupils–Brandon Industrial–Residential School, Part 01, 1895/01/01 to 1933/12/31; Metis National Council (MNC) database, scrip entry for Kirkness, Alfred. Available at: http://metisnationdatabase.ualberta.ca/MNC/NWScrip.jsp?recordId=126&recordTypeRaw=0378NW, accessed 28 June 2013.

5. Variously known as the Brandon Industrial School, Brandon [Indian] Institute, Brandon Indian School, Brandon Residential School, and Brandon Indian Residence at different times, the school opened in 1895 under the auspices of the Methodist, and later, the United Church of Canada. From its creation, the school included a substantial farm. Farming operations at the school ended in 1957, at which time much of the farm land, including the land where one of the two cemeteries associated with the school was located (the newer cemetery on the hill above the school) was transferred to the Brandon Experimental Farm (or Research Station, as it is now known). The school was transferred from the United Church to the Roman Catholic Oblates, who began the process of closing the school in 1970. The school closed permanently in 1972. For more on the history of the school, see: http://thechildrenremembered.ca/schools-history/brandon/.

6. It is likely that there were other Kirkness children at the school, including a brother, John James (known in the school’s records as “John, Sr.”, a brother named George, and sisters Amelia, Annie, and Mary. John and George, Amelia, and Annie all began as students at Brandon in 1906. John and George left in 1911. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 1984-85/402, Volume 13761, Admission of Pupils–Brandon Industrial–Residential School, Part 01, 1895-01-01 to 1933-12-31, Admissions and discharges, Brandon School, September quarter, 1905, and Report of the Industrial School at Brandon, September, 1907, Admissions and Discharges, Brandon School, First Quarter, 1911; Brandon Sun, 13 July 1967, 11; Annual Report of the Department of Indian Affairs for the Year Ended March 31, 1928; Dominion of Canada Annual Report of the Department of Indian Affairs for the Year Ended March 31, 1929. http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/indianaffairs/001074-110.01-e.php?PHPSESSID=3mhfj9lfvhcb0tf5a3qfsusgb1&interval=169&q1=Kirkness&c1=&b2=AND&q2=%22File+Hills%22&c2, accessed 28 June 2013.

7. Manitoba Vital Statistics database, marriages: Marriage 2 June 1932, registration number 1932,027344. http://vitalstats.gov.mb.ca/ListView.php, accessed 28 June 2013.

8. It is possible that the couple may have also had a son, Montague, who drowned in Lake Percy in 1943, at the age of ten. Brandon Sun, Obituary: “James Kirkness,” 2 February 1980, 18. Winnipeg Free Press, 15 November 1943, page 20; Kitsap Sun, Obituary, 9 March 1993, http://www.kitsapsun.com/news/1993/mar/09/obituaries/#axzz2XW2BFPAY, accessed 28 June 2013.

9. https://gis.brandon.ca/arcgis/flex/cemeterysearch.html

10. This park was initially was called Suburban Park, a name used until a formal name change in 1934 in honour of J. P. Curran. Winnipeg Free Press, “Western News in Brief: Brandon Man Honored,” 3 May 1934, page 4; Brandon Sun, 14 February 1995. The city first set aside $6000 for the acquisition of a new city park in 1911. The Parks Board and City Council passed a resolution to ask the government to donate land for the park; by the summer of 1912, negotiations to acquire land from the parcel of Crown land the Brandon Industrial School was located on were underway with the superintendent of the school, the Rev. Thomas Ferrier. However, talks soon stalled, the survey of the lands dragged on, and by 1915, with the First World War underway, talks had completely stopped, not resuming until the autumn of 1919. Finally, negotiations with Ferrier for a 99-year lease on part of the Industrial School’s lands, for the sum of $6000, were completed in December of that year, although the lease was not finalized, and the Park officially brought into existence, until early 1921. Brandon Public Parks Board Minute Book, Volume 1, 31 July 1911; 28 August 1911; 24 June 1912; Brandon Public Parks Board Minute Book, Volume 2, 30 September 1919; 22 December 1919; 31 January 1921; School File Series - 1879-1953, available at: http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/microform-digitization/006003-119.02-e.php?q2=2&q3=237&sqn=1942&tt=2186&PHPSESSID=gljoevl5qu53jnc8vlmhnemae1, accessed 13 September 2013. In March 1965, the City and Department of Agriculture (in right of the Crown) agreed to terminate the lease, presumably allowing the City to acquire the land outright. City of Brandon Records Centre, File HMK-CAIA-LE-1 “HMK In Right of Canada; Department of Indian Affairs; Lease; Curran Park.” As a postscript, when Curran Park was sold to Gretna businessman Gerald Voth in 2001, one of the stipulations of the sale was that Voth maintain the cemetery in the park. Brandon Sun, 20 February 2001.

11. Starting as early as 1931, the city of Brandon asked the Brandon Parks Board to undertake development of Suburban Park as a part of their unemployment relief planning. Work by relief workers continued at least until 1936, and included clearing the land of underbrush, thinning the trees, putting in and grading a road, and building latrines; it is likely that much of the work hay-cutting and reseeding the land during this time was also done as relief work. City of Brandon Records Centre, Brandon Park Boards, Minute Book, Volume 2, 28 December 1931, 30 May 1932, 391; City of Brandon Archives Records Centre, Brandon Park Boards, Minute Book, Volume 2, 30 January 1933, 402; City of Brandon Records Centre, Brandon Park Boards, Minute Book, Volume 2, 30 December 1933, 419; City of Brandon Records Centre, Brandon Park Boards, Minute Book, Volume 2, 25 June 1934, 436; City of Brandon Records Centre, Brandon Park Boards, Minute Book, Volume 2, 24 September 1934, 441; City of Brandon Record Centre, Brandon Park Boards, Minute Book, Volume 2, 25 March 1935, 450. Brandon Sun, front page, 5 June 1963. It was Dr. Andrews of the Experimental Farm who indicated that some of the markers had been removed by work crews clearing the area in the 1930s.

12. See, for example, Brandon Sun, 17 August 1959; Brandon Sun, 16 September 1959; Brandon Sun, 4 October 1960; Brandon Sun, 19 April 1961. Developments to the park appear to have been gradual. A refreshment stand was approved in the spring of 1933, and a “large cook stove” was donated to the Parks Board with the express intent of having it installed at Curran Park. It appears that the cookstove was eventually installed, as the city had several problems with missing keys and break-ins to the cookhouse in 1935 and 1936. This cookhouse may be the same one that Kirkness thought was near or over some of the graves. Modern maps show a “cook shack” near the memorial cairn. City of Brandon Records Centre, Brandon Park Boards Minute Book, Volume 2, 24 April 1933, 410; City of Brandon Records Centre, Brandon Park Boards Minute Book, Volume 2, 25 June 1934, 436; City of Brandon Records Centre, Brandon Park Boards Minute Book, Volume 2, 24 June 1935, 457; City of Brandon Records Centre, Brandon Park Boards Minute Book, Volume 2, 28 October 1935, 462; City of Brandon Records Centre, Brandon Park Boards Minute Book, Volume 2, 30 December 1935, 464; City of Brandon Records Centre, File #6100-3 (1999-2001), Vol. 1 “Sale of Curran Park”; Brandon Sun, front page, 5 June 1963.

13. The older cemetery in then Curran Park was probably in use from about 1896 until somewhere between 1912 and 1923. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 1984-85/402, Volume 13761, Admission of Pupils – Brandon Industrial – residential School, Part # 01, 1895-01-01- 1933 -12 -31, Admissions and Discharges Quarter July 1895; Library and Archives Canada, Online MIKAN no. 2058571, Correspondence Regarding the Education of Indian Children (Newspaper Clippings and Stats on Discharge and Deaths in Industrial Schools from 1883-1898 Included), “Statistics of Discharges and Deaths since the opening of Industrial Schools to the 31st December 1898”; City of Brandon Records Centre, 6100-0 (1996-1998) “Curran Park”, 01663, MGS 17; Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, 13 May 1964 reply from Nield. It is possible that both of these dates are estimated. Martin Kavanagh, The Assiniboine basin: A Social Study of the Discovery, Exploration and Settlement of Manitoba, Winnipeg: Public Press, 1946, pages 227-228; Library and Archives Canada, School Files Series (RG10), microfilm C-8649, Mikan 157505, letter J. D. Mclean, 14 February, 1921. The newer cemetery on the hill was in use at least until 1956, and in 1963, the Department of Indian Affairs stated that burial on school grounds would no longer be considered, “but that arrangements should be made for burial in a cemetery of the appropriate faith.” United Church of Canada Manitoba and Northwestern Ontario Conference Archives, Brandon and Portage la Prairie Burial Registers. UCC Manitoba, St. Paul’s (Brandon Central): Bu 4, Burial Register Aug. 1952- July 1964, page 11. Location: Brandon, Central, Box J; Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, AG Leslie, Regional Supervisor, to DAH Nield, Superintendent, Portage la Prairie Agency, 18 October 1963.

14. Brandon Sun, “Mystery of Graves at Curran Park is Solved,” 5 June 1963, second section. Library and Archives Canada, RG10 – Indian and Inuit Affairs, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Memorandum from R. F. Davey, Director of Education Services to Regional Director, Manitoba, 1 December 1966. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 1984-85/402, Volume 13548, File 577/3-8, Complaints and Petitions, Part 03, 1968-03-23 to 1972-07-10, letter from Alfred Kirkness to Hon. Jean Chréetien, Minister of Indian Affairs, Ottawa, 18 August 1971.

15. These letters and related correspondence can be found in the following files held at LAC’s Regional Archival Program – Winnipeg Office: Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31; Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 1984-85/402, Volume 13548, File 577/3-8, Complaints and Petitions, Part 03, 1968-03-23 to 1972-07-10; and Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2001-01060-5, Box 008, File 501/36-4, Miscellaneous Land Matters – School Land, Part 04, 1959-02-01 to 1968-11-30. All three files are open for consultation, with the exception of some pages from 1984-85/402, File 577/3-8, which have been removed due to restrictions under the Privacy Act. None of the restricted pages in file 577/3-8 concern Alfred Kirkness or the Brandon Residential School Cemeteries.

16. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, 19 July 1963, June 5, 1963: J. E. Andrews, Research Director, Brandon Experimental Farm, Department of Agriculture to D. A. H. Nield, Superintendent Indian Agency.

17. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, R. F. Davey, Education Director, to Ford Bond, Principal, 6 March, 1970. The principal of the school at the time replied to these enquiries that “Upon checking this we find only one grave with a marker and that is for Ewart Fiddler died 1955 the date is not clear. There are a few more graves up there, but none with readable markers, and can find no record of any in the files,” reply from Ford Bond 25 Sept 1963, Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31.

18. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, 19 July 1963: D. A. H. Nield, Superintendent Indian Agency to J. E. Andrews, Research Director, Brandon Experimental Farm, Department of Agriculture.

19. Kirkness is likely referring to the Cardale Air Crash Monument, located near the Rural Municipality of Saskatchewan, about 10 kilometres west of Highway 270 north of Rapid City.

20. Born in 1905 in Leeds, UK, Ford Bond had been working as the General Manager of the Brandon Branch of the Plains Western Natural Gas Company when he was hired as the administrative principal of the Brandon Residential School in 1959. In an article about his appointment in the Brandon Sun, Bond allowed that “He has never done welfare work among the Indians,” but stated that “he has always participated with keen interest in child welfare work. ‘After all when it comes to kids – all are alike’ he said.” (Brandon Sun, “Ford Bond is New Principal,” 8 August 1959). Bond continued as the school’s administrator until his retirement in June 1970. (Brandon Sun, “Around Town,” 28 May 1970). He died 26 October 1982 in Victoria, British Columbia. Although his obituary appeared in the Brandon Sun, it made no mention of his work at the school (Brandon Sun, “Obituaries,” 2 November 1982).

21. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31: Letter to The Office of Indian Affairs, Department of Citizenship and Immigration, Ottawa, ON, 20 April 1964.

22. R. F. Davey taught in an Indian day school in British Columbia during the 1930s, returning as a district school inspector in 1947. Dominion of Canada Annual Report of the Department of Indian Affairs for the Year Ended March 31 1934, Details of Expenditure, part 1 - 31, available at: http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/indianaffairs/001074-119.01-e.php?page_id_nbr=32488&PHPSESSID=2a9ndus6aa27ekve5d0ib76250 accessed on 14 August 2013; Byron King Plant, “The Politics of Indian Administration: A Revisionist History of Intrastate Relations in Mid-Twentieth Century British Columbia, PhD dissertation, University of Saskatchewan, 2009, page 106. By 1954, Davey had become the [Department of Indian Affairs’] Superintendent of Education, a position he held until the late 1960s. Plant, “Politics of Indian Administration,” 106; Brian Titley, “Industrious, but Formal and Mechanical: The Sisters of Charity of Providence in Residential School Classrooms,” Historical Studies in Education 22.2 (Fall 2010), 58-74. Available at: http://historicalstudiesineducation.ca/index.php/edu_hse-rhe/article/view/2403/3180 accessed on 14 August 2013.

23. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, 24 April 1964.

24. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Davey to the Regional Supervisor – Manitoba, 24 April 1964.

25. Born 9 June 1910 in the Rural Municipality of Silver Creek, the son of David George Nield, David Andrew Howard (D. A. H.) Nield appears to have begun his career with the Department of Indian Affairs during the 1930s. By the late 1950s, Nield was the Indian Agent at Portage la Prairie. He was Superintendent in charge of the Portage la Prairie Agency by 1963, continuing into 1967, but by 1968 was the superintendent in charge of the Brandon district, a position he continued to hold in 1969. About 1969 or 1970, he and his wife Dorothy moved to Victoria, BC, where he passed away on 12 July 1975. Manitoba, Manitoba, Department of Vital Statistics, registration of birth, registration number 1910,004681; Manitoba Historical Society, Memorable Manitobans, “David George Nield,” available at: http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/people/nield_dg.shtml accessed 15 August 2013; Dominion of Canada Annual Report of the Department of Indian Affairs for the Year Ended March 31 1936, part I, 11. Available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/indianaffairs/001074-119.01-e.php?page_id_nbr=32688&PHPSESSID=bvr77uikjntkjqcdh2i8ooal73 accessed 15 August 2013; Dominion of Canada Annual Report of the Department of Indian Affairs for the Year Ended March 31 1938, Part L, 68, available at http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/indianaffairs/001074-119.02-e.php?page_id_nbr=33146&PHPSESSID=bvr77uikjntkjqcdh2i8ooal73 accessed 15 August 2013; Peter Douglas Elias, The Dakota of the Canadian Northwest: Lessons for Survival, Winnipeg: The University of Manitoba Press, 1988, page 196; Roy W. Meyer “The Canadian Sioux: Refugees from Minnesota.” Minnesota History 41.1 (Spring 1968), page 27; “Unknown in life, Flora Elk is now important,” Brandon Sun, 18 December 1968, n.p.; “Inquest jury didn’t fix responsibility,” Brandon Sun, 19 February 1969, n.p.; British Columbia Vital Statistics death registrations, registration number 1975-09-010623; Obituary: Dorothy Elizabeth Nield, Winnipeg Free Press, 2 March 1976, page 30.

26. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Memorandum: from A. G. Leslie, Regional Supervisor, Manitoba to D. A. H. Nield, Supt. Portage la Prairie Indian Agencies, 5 May 1964.

27. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, D. A. H. Nield to A. G. Leslie, Regional Supervisor of Indian Agencies, Manitoba, 13 May 1964.

28. Ibid.

29. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Officer in Charge [J. D. Minnis], Manitoba Regional Office to Assistant Director – Education, 25 May 1964.

30. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Officer in Charge [J. D .Minnis], Manitoba regional Office to Assistant Director – Education, 25 May 1964.

31. The images in the passage cited below, for instance, echoes biblical passages such as Psalm 104: 31 (“All the glory of man would pass away; all the monuments that he would rear would be destroyed; all the works of art executed by him must perish”) and Matthew 23:27 (“Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are like unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men’s bones, and of all uncleanness.”)

32. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Kirkness to Indian Affairs Branch, Dept. of Citizenship and Immigration, R. F. Davey, 8 June 1964.

33. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Regional Supervisor to Assistant to the Director, Education, 17 June 1964.

34. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, J. D Minnis to D. A. H. Nield, 12 June 1964; Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, D. A. H. Nield to Ford Bond, 12 June 1964; Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Letter from Ford Bond to D. A. H. Nield, 17 June 1964.

35. Arthur Laing was the minister responsible for Indian Affairs from 1963-1968. See: http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100016471/1100100016472

36. This is a reference to Canada’s 1867 centennial.

37. Mayor of Brandon 1962-1969. See: http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/people/magnacca_sa.shtml, accessed 13 September 2013.

38. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Letter Alfred Kirkness to Minister of Northern Affairs Ottawa, Can. Mr. A. Laing, n.d., [date stamped 15 November 1966]. As James Dempsey notes, IRS students served in Canada’s military: “Dissatisfaction with school life and a need for excitement probably best explain why a number of school-aged natives ran away to enlist. Three native pupils at the Red Deer Industrial School, for example, escaped from the school and joined up, even though they were under eighteen years of age.” Warriors of the King: Prairie Indians in World War I, Regina: Canadian Plains Research Center, 1999, page 46. Students from Brandon who fought in the First World War included Riley Cochrane, Joseph Colin, Alfred Cook who later became Chief of the Bloodvein Reserve, president of the Manitoba Indian Brotherhood, first Aboriginal member of the Manitoba Legislature, second in any Canadian Parliament, and only the 11th member of the CCF to sit in Manitoba. Winnipeg Free Press, 26 May 1959, front page. Oliver Mackin, Alec Moore, Edwin Swanson, and John Kirkness, probably Alfred Kirkness’s brother, also served. Attestation Papers accessed through Library and Archives Canada, http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/cef/001042-100.01-e.php accessed 11 August 2013.

39. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, R. F. Davey, Regional Director – Manitoba to Director – Education Services, 1 December 1966.

40. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Regional Director – Manitoba to Director – Education Services, 1 December 1966.

41. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, S. C. Knapp, Regional Superintendent of Development to Director, Education Services, 25 January 1967.

42. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Supervisor of Financial Administration, Development Directorate to Regional Superintendent of Development Manitoba, 17 February 1967.

43. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, D. A. H. Nield to the Secretary-Treasurer, Brandon City, 24 February 1967.

44. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, A. J. M. Bell, City Clerk, City of Brandon to D. A. H. Nield, Superintendent, Indian Affairs, 21 March 1967.

45. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Regional Engineer – Manitoba to Superintendent Portage la Prairie Agency, 8 May 1967; Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, D. A. H. Nield, Superintendent, Portage Indian Agency, to Acting Director of Indian Affairs, Manitoba, 20 April 1967. On 6 September 1967, Ford Bond wrote to D. A. H. Nield and included a short list of names for the cairn, noting that these were the names were of the people buried in the newer cemetery. His list includes at least 5 non-student/staff names that are crossed off. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31.

46. “Research Station Honors Veteran of 38 Years, Alfred J. Kirkness,” Brandon Sun, 13 July 1967.

47. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 008, File 501/36-4, Miscellaneous Land Matters – School Land – General, Part 04, 1959-02-01 to 1968-11-30, Letter from Alfred Kirkness to A. W. Fraser, Chief - Social Programs Division, Department of Indian Affairs, 20 April 1967.

48. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, G. G. Kelly, Regional Superintendent of Administration, Manitoba to D. A. H. Nield, Superintendent-in-Charge, Brandon District, 15 August 1968.

49. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Buck Matiowsky, Brandon Recreation Commission to D. A. H. Nield, 4 October 1968. In their correspondence it comes out that Matiowsky is referring to Nield’s letter of 24 February 1967, in which Nield informs the Secretary-Treasurer of the City of Brandon that Indian Affairs has “agreed to erect a small cairn on this area and fence” the Curran Park location “at no cost to the City of Brandon.” See Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, D. A. H. Nield, Superintendent, to Secretary Secretary-Treasurer, City of Brandon, 24 February 1967.

50. As discussed in the previous footnote, Nield had explicitly asked for the city’s permission to build a fence and cairn in Curran Park in a letter of 27 February 1967.

51. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, D. A. H. Nield, Superintendent, to Buck Matiowsky, Brandon Recreation Commission, 24 October 1967.

52. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 1984-85/402, Volume 13548, File 577/3-8, Part 03, 1968-03-23 to 1972-07-10, Band Management - Complaints and Petitions, Alfred Kirkness to Hon. Jean Chrétien, Minister of Indian Affairs, 22 September 1970.

53. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 1984-85/402, Volume 13548, File 577/3-8, Part 03, 1968-03-23 to 1972-07-10, Band Management - Complaints and Petitions, W. A. Gryba, Chief, Indian- Eskimo Bureau, Department of Indian Affairs to Mr. A. J. Kirkness, 4 November 1970.

54. In November of 1970, Gryba signed as “Chief, Indian-Eskimo Bureau.” Library and Archives Canada, 1984-85/402, Volume 13548, File 577/3-8, Part 03, 1968-03-23 to 1972-07-10, W. A. Gryba to A. J. Kirkness, Ottawa, 4 November 1970. In 1972, Grypa Gryba was named “regional representative for Indian Affairs in the North-west Territories.” Kainai News, 1 September 1972, page 1. http://digitallibrary.uleth.ca/cdm/ref/collection/sanews/id/20029

55. Library and Archives Canada, 1984-85/402, Volume 13548, File 577/3-8, Part 03, 1968-03-23 to 1972-07-10, Alfred Kirkness to Honourable Jean Chrétien, Minister of Indian Affairs, 18 August 1971.

56. Library and Archives Canada, 1984-85/402, Volume 13548, File 577/3-8, Part 03, 1968-03-23 to 1972-07-10, G. D. Cromb, Director, Education Branch, to Regional Director, Manitoba, 2 September 1971.

57. Library and Archives Canada, 1984-85/402, Volume 13548, File 577/3-8, Part 03, 1968-03-23 to 1972-07-10, L. R. Radburn, Head, Property and Buildings Management Section to Director, Education Branch, Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Ottawa, 29 October 1971.

58. Manitoba Archives, Girl Guides of Canada, Brandon Meeting Minute Books, March 1962-March 1972, see particularly: 6 October 1969, 6 November 1969, 2 March 1970, 6 April 1970, 1 June 1970, 27 April 1972, 5 June 1972; Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, Girl Guides of Canada (Brandon) to Mr. Bell [Indian Affairs], 2 March 1970. The Guides continued to care for the cemetery until the land was sold by the City to a private owner.

59. Library and Archives Canada, RG10, 2000-01600-6, Box 053, File 577/36-7-576, Leases & Individual Case Files – Cemetery – Brandon Residential School, Part 01, 1963-06-01 – 1970-03-31, J. R. Bell, Superintendent i/c Indian Affairs, Brandon District to Elizabeth M. Wall, Secretary, Brandon Division, Girl Guides of Canada, 6 March 1970.

60. “Girl Guides dedicate plaque at Indian Children’s Cemetery,” Brandon Sun, 7 June 1972, page 19.

See also:

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Brandon Old Indian Residential School Cemetery (Brandon)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Brandon Indian Residential School Cemetery (RM of Cornwallis)

Page revised: 19 July 2015

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