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Historic Sites of Manitoba: Washakada Indian Residential School / Elkhorn Indian Residential School (Elkhorn, RM of Wallace-Woodworth)

Link to:
Principals | Vice-Principals | Teachers | Photos & Coordinates | Sources

Known also as the Elkhorn Industrial School and the Washakada Indian Residential School, the first school at this site in Elkhorn, in what is now the Rural Municipality of Wallace-Woodworth, opened on 10 June 1888. It burned to the ground in the late 1890s. It was replaced by a large, brick building in 1897, which remained open until February 1918. It was reopened in June 1923 and operated until permanent closure on 30 June 1949. The building was demolished in May 1951. The ruins of the school are still visible on land owned by the municipality. A nearby cemetery contains burials of those who died while at the school.

Principals

Period

Principal

1889-1892

C. D. McKenzie

1892-1918

Archibald Edward Wilson (1869-1947)

1918-1923

Closed

1923-1933

Rev. F. Eley

1933-1936

Canon S. J. Wickens

1936-1942

Canon A. E. Minchen

1942

G. Hicks

1942-1944

Rev. C. N. Middleton

1944

Mr. Hodkinson

1944-1945

R. C. Hiltz

1945

Capt. H. B. Miller

1945-1947

Rev. B. O. G. Dixon

1947-1948

D. A. B. Stoddart

1948-1949

Rev. W. W. J. Woods

Teachers / Instructors

School Year

Teachers / Instructors

1895-1896

J. R. Duke (bootmaker), F. S. Fletcher, J. McCracken (tailor), J. Simington (carpenter), W. J. Thompson (printer)

Among the other teachers at the Elkhorn Indian Residential School was William H. Bradley.

Staff

School Year

Staff

1895-1896

J. Clode (Foreman, Boys' Department), C. Copeland (gardener), Miss Dicken (dressmaker), Mrs. Groutage (laundress), Miss Thomas (Assistant Matron), Mrs. Vidal (Superintendent, Girls' Department), Eliza Charlotte St. Clair Wilson (Matron)

Photos & Coordinates

The original Elkhorn Indian Residential School

The original Elkhorn Indian Residential School (1890s) by Boorne & May
Source: Library and Archives Canada, PA-182261

Postcard view of the second Elkhorn Indian Residential School

Postcard view of the second Elkhorn Indian Residential School (no date)
Source: Gordon Goldsborough, 2013-0084

Postcard view of the second Elkhorn Indian Residential School

Postcard view of the second Elkhorn Indian Residential School (no date)
Source: Gordon Goldsborough, 2014-0049

Ruins of the Elkhorn Indian Residential School

Ruins of the Elkhorn Indian Residential School (July 2010)
Source: Gordon Goldsborough

Site Coordinates (lat/long): N49.97707, W101.25095
denoted by symbol on the map above

See also:

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Brandon Indian Residential School (RM of Cornwallis)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Brandon Indian Residential School Cemetery (RM of Cornwallis)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Brandon Old Indian Residential School Cemetery (Brandon)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Birtle Indian Residential School (Birtle, Municipality of Prairie View)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Elkhorn Indian Residential School (Elkhorn, RM of Wallace-Woodworth)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: MacKay Indian Residential School (Opaskwayak Cree Nation)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Portage la Prairie Indian Residential School (Crescent Road West, Portage la Prairie)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Pine Creek Indian Residential School / Camperville Indian Residential School (Pine Creek First Nation)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Norway House Indian Residential School (Norway School)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Julia Clark School (611 Academy Road, Winnipeg)

TimeLinks: Washakada Home, Elkhorn, c1902

TimeLinks: Garden at Washakada Home, c1915

Elkhorn Indian Residential School, Elkhorn, MB, Anglican Church of Canada.

Sources:

Seventh Annual Report of the Washakada Indian Home, 1895-1896.

Steel and Grass Roots, 1882-1981: History of Elkhorn by Elkhorn and District Historical Society, page 86.

We thank Kevin Tutthill, Leona Devuyst, Oliver Bernuetz (Legislative Library of Manitoba), and Suyoko Tsukamoto for providing information used here.

This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough.

Page revised: 9 October 2021

Historic Sites of Manitoba

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