Manitoba Historical Society
     Keeping history alive for over 142 years

Memorable Manitobans: Archibald Stansfeld Belaney “Grey Owl” (1888-1938)

Click to enlarge

Archibald Stansfeld Belaney
Click to enlarge

Author, environmentalist.

Born in England on 18 September 1888, he came to Canada at an early age and adopted Aboriginal ways. After service in the Canadian forces during the First World War, he was adopted by the Ojibwa in 1920. He passed as an Indian, claiming to be the “half-breed” son of an Apache mother. In 1931 he lived and worked in Riding Mountain National Park, engaged in the conservation of wildlife. He moved on to Prince Albert National Park in Saskatchewan, which served as the arena for most of his best-known work. In the 1930s he became a leading lecturer and writer on conservation, in the process celebrating the lifestyle of the Aboriginal people of North America. His most important works were Men of the Last Frontier (1931) and Pilgrims of the Wild (1934). He was married for a time to Gertrude Bernard. He died on 13 April 1938.

See also:

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Grey Owl’s Cabin (Riding Mountain National Park)

Half-breed: The Story of Grey Owl by Lovat Dickson (1939)

Devil in Deerskins: My Life with Grey Owl by Anahareo (1972)

From the Land of Shadows: The Making of Grey Owl by Donald B. Smith (1990).

The Great Adventure
Manitoba History, Number 29, Spring 1995


Attestation papers, Canadian Expeditionary Force, Library and Archives Canada.

Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by John M. “Jack” Bumsted, Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1999.

This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough.

Page revised: 3 October 2016

Memorable Manitobans

Memorable Manitobans

This is a collection of noteworthy Manitobans from the past, compiled by the Manitoba Historical Society.

Search the collection by word or phrase, name, place, occupation or other text:

Custom Search

Browse surnames beginning with:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y | Z | 2017

Send corrections and additions to the Memorable Manitobans Administrator at

Criteria for Memorable Manitobans | Suggest a Memorable Manitoban  | Our Inspiration | Acknowledgements

Support the MHS

MHS YouTube Channel

Back to top of page

For queries on the above page, please contact the MHS Webmaster.

Home  |  Terms & Conditions  |  FAQ  |  Contact Us  |  Privacy Policy  |  Donations Policy

© 1998-2021 Manitoba Historical Society. All rights reserved.