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Endangered
Top 10
2019

Manitoba History No. 89
Manitoba
History

No. 89

Summer Field Trip 2019
MHS
Summer
Field Trip

Fall Field Trip 2019
MHS
Fall
Field Trip

War Memorials in Manitoba
War
Memorials
in Manitoba

This Old Elevator
This Old
Elevator

Abandoned Manitoba
Abandoned
Manitoba

Memorable Manitobans
Memorable
Manitobans

Historic Sites of Manitoba
Historic Sites
of Manitoba

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Manitoba House (Kinosota, RM of Alonsa)

Link to:
Chief Traders | Photos & Maps | Sources

Manitoba House was a fur-trading post established on the western shore of Lake Manitoba, south of The Narrows, in the late 1810s or early 1820s. Located near today’s community of Kinosota, in the Rural Municipality of Alonsa, it was one of the first inland posts of the Hudson’s Bay Company. It was a modest facility. A map at the Archives of Manitoba shows that, in 1891, there were six buildings at the site but no palisade around them. A 1½-story log building and attached kitchen was the home of the trader, surrounded by a garden, and four other outbuildings were a trading store, provision store, fur store and general warehouse, and flour store. Nearby was a road from the new community of Westbourne to the south and, on Lake Manitoba, a wharf for people arriving by water. On 21 August 1871, Treaty No. 2 was signed here after being negotiated (along with Treaty No. 1) at Lower Fort Garry.

Manitoba House closed in 1911 after a long period of decline. The buildings were used by a series of families as a dwelling and store. In 1928, the buildings were sold and most were moved to a farm north of Alonsa. The kitchen part of the residence was moved to a nearby spot, and some of the remaining logs were used to build a church at Reedy Creek. Through much of the 20th century, only a few depressions in the ground marked the former site of Manitoba House. In the early 1970s, a group of local residents working under the auspices of the Manitoba Metis Federation constructed a replica of the former fur trade post. At the time of a 2018 site visit, three abandoned and degraded buildings were seen.

Chief Traders

Period

Chief Trader

1852-1853

Richard Hardisty (1832-1889)

1854-1861

?

1862-1864

Archibald “Archie” McDonald (1836-1915)

1865-1874

Ewen McDonald (1839-1909)

1875-1879

?

1880-1887

Alexander Roff “Alex” Lillie (1831-1907)

1888-1890

?

1891-1902

David Armit

1905-1911

?

Photos & Coordinates

Map of Manitoba House showing the Trader's residence (#1), kitchen (#2), trading store (#3), provision store (#4), fur store and general warehouse (#5), and flour store (#6). Across the road was a dormitory for men, stables, and ice house

Map of Manitoba House showing the Trader's residence (#1), kitchen (#2), trading store (#3), provision store (#4), fur store and general warehouse (#5), and flour store (#6). Across the road was a dormitory for men, stables, and ice house (1891)
Source: Hudson’s Bay Company Archives, Archives of Manitoba

Remains of a Manitoba House replica building from the 1970s

Remains of a Manitoba House replica building from the 1970s (November 2018)
Source: Gordon Goldsborough

Remains of a Manitoba House replica building from the 1970s

Remains of a Manitoba House replica building from the 1970s (November 2018)
Source: Gordon Goldsborough

Site Location (lat/long): N50.92929, W98.86517
denoted by symbol on the map above

See also:

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Lower Fort Garry (RM of St. Andrews)

Historic Sites of Manitoba: Indian Treaty No. 1 Plaque (RM of St. Andrews)

Sources:

Many Trails to Manitou-Wapah by Manitoba Village History Committee, 1993, page 141.

We thank Harry Duckworth for providing additional information used here.

This page was prepared by Jeffrey Allan, Gordon Goldsborough, Myles Kopytko, and Holly Thorne.

Page revised: 14 June 2019

Historic Sites of Manitoba

This is a collection of historic sites in Manitoba compiled by the Manitoba Historical Society.

Browse lists of:
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Please note that inclusion in this collection does not mean that a particular site has special status or protection. Some sites are on private property and permission must be secured from the owner prior to visiting.

Site information is provided by the Manitoba Historical Society as a free public service only for non-commercial purposes.


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