To promote settlement of the newly acquired western territories after 1870, Canada negotiated a series of treaties with the Indigenous peoples of that land.
On 3 August 1871, at Lower Fort Garry, the first of these treaties was signed by Mis-koo-ke-new (Red Eagle or Henry Prince), Ka-ke-ka-penais (Bird Forever or William Pennefather), Na-sha-ke-penais (Flying Down Bird), Na-na-wa-nanan (Centre of Bird's Tail), Ke-we-tay-ash (Flying Round), Wa-ko-wush (Whip-poor-will), and Oo-za-we-kwun (Yellow Quill), representing the Ojibway and Swampy Cree people of Manitoba.
On behalf of the Crown, the treaty was signed by Wemyss Simpson, Acheson Gosford Irvine, and Adams George Archibald.
A plaque commemorating the signing of Treaty No. 1, originally unveiled in 1928 by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, is displayed in front of the Visitors Centre at Lower Fort Garry.
Indian Treaty No. 1 commemorative plaque (September 2010)
Source: Gordon Goldsborough
Site Coordinates (lat/long): N50.10970, W96.93530
denoted by symbol on the map above
Events in Manitoba History: Treaty 1 (August 1871)
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Lower Fort Garry (RM of St. Andrews)
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Manitoba Plaques for Persons, Events and Sites of National Historic Significance
Historic Sites of Manitoba: Manitoba House (Kinosota, RM of Alonsa)
This page was prepared by Gordon Goldsborough.
Page revised: 6 August 2022
Historic Sites of Manitoba
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