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Memorable Manitobans: Anthony Henday

Fur trader, explorer.

Born on the Isle of Wight, he had been outlawed as a smuggler before joining the Hudson's Bay Company in 1750. He began travelling with the Plains Cree into the interior in 1754. His journal entries are too vague to permit accurate identification of his route, which probably took him to the Rocky Mountains (although they are not mentioned). He returned to York Fort almost a full year later. His accounts of Indians riding horses were greeted with particular derision. He made several subsequent, less well documented journeys, but quit the Company in 1762 when he was not promoted. A journal of 1754-55 was published as The Journal of Anthony Hendry (1973).

More information:

Behold the Shining Mountains: Being an Account of the Travels of Anthony Henday, 1754-55, the First White Man to Enter Alberta by J. G. MacGregor (1954)

“The Puzzle of Anthony Henday’s Journal, 1754-55,” by Glyndwr Williams, The Beaver (winter 1978): 40-56.

Anthony Henday, Dictionary of Canadian Biography III, 285-87.


Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by John M. “Jack” Bumsted, Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1999.

Page revised: 14 March 2008

Memorable Manitobans

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