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Memorable Manitobans: Andrew Graham (c1730s-1815)

Fur trader, natural scientist.

Born in Scotland, he joined the Hudson's Bay Company in 1749. He served as master of Fort Severn, acting chief of York Factory, and, in 1774-75, chief factor of Fort Prince of Wales. He retired to Edinburgh in 1775. He wrote an elaborate series of manuscript “Observations” beginning in the 1760s, mainly about natural history and Company trading methods, which were eventually published as Andrew Graham’s Observations on Hudson Bay, 1767-91 (1969). In the eighteenth century much of his scientific work was improperly appropriated by Thomas Hutchins, who used it to gain a reputation as a natural scientist.

More information:

“Andrew Graham and Thomas Hutchins: Collaboration and Plagiarism in 18th-Century Natural History,” by Glyndwr Williams, The Beaver (spring 1978): 4-14.

Andrew Graham, Dictionary of Canadian Biography V, 362-63.


Dictionary of Manitoba Biography by J. M. Bumsted, Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press, 1999.

Page revised: 10 March 2008

Memorable Manitobans

Memorable Manitobans

This is a collection of noteworthy Manitobans from the past, compiled by the Manitoba Historical Society.

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