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Memorable Manitobans: Nicol Finlayson (1794-1877)

Fur trader.

Born at Fodderty, Ross-shire, Scotland in1794, the son of John Finlayson, later of Montreal. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Chief Factor Alexander Kennedy, at Moose Factory on 10 August 1829. He entered the service of the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1815. He was promoted to the rank of Chief Trader in 1833, and to that of Chief Factor in 1846. He served as clerk, and later was in command of the 1830 expedition to Ungava, the object of which was to open up trade with the Eskimos to the north and south and ultimately to establish a line of posts from Fort Chimo southward towards Mingan, behind and parallel with those of the Moravian Mission.

Finlayson was in charge of the Ungava district until 1836. He later was in charge of the York Factory district, the Lac La Pluie district, Saskatchewan, Swan River and the English Districts. In 1853-54 he was appointed to Cumberland House. After a year’s furlough in 1854, he retired.

He died in 1877.

Author of Fort Chimo Journal, 1830-33.

Sources:

Pioneers and Early Citizens of Manitoba, Winnipeg: Manitoba Library Association, 1971.

Page revised: 18 August 2008

Memorable Manitobans

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