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No. 86

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Memorable Manitobans: Francis Ermatinger (1798-1858)

Fur trader.

Born in Lisbon, Portugal, in 1798, son of Lawrence Edward Ermatinger, and educated in England. He married Catherine, daughter of Chief Factor William Sinclair. With his brother, Edward, he was apprenticed to the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1818 and first served in the Severn district. From 1825 until 1846 he was in the Columbia district, where he was in charge of the Flathead trading parties, 1832-38, and of the Snake country trade, 1838-42.

Ermatinger was made a Chief Factor in 1842. He later served briefly at York Factory, Fort Chipewyan and Fort William, and retired in 1853.

He died at St. Thomas, Canada West on 12 August 1858.

More information:

Fur Trade Letters of Francis Ermatinger, 1818-53 edited by Lois Halliday McDonald (1980).


Pioneers and Early Citizens of Manitoba, Winnipeg: Manitoba Library Association, 1971.

Page revised: 7 March 2008

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