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Historic Sites of Manitoba: Calf Mountain Burial Mound (Municipality of Pembina)

This ancient burial mound in the Municipality of Pembina is the landmark most frequently mentioned in early records of southern Manitoba. Pioneers attributed its construction to an extinct race of mound builders and opened it several times during the early years of settlement in the hopes of discovering some clue as to their fate. In addition to copper from Michigan and shells from the Gulf of Mexico and Vancouver Island, more than 20 skeletons in a sitting position were uncovered.

This site is one of the most significant ones on the Boundary Commission Trail, at the point where the Hunter Trail from Winnipeg, the Boundary Commission Trail from Emerson, and the exit of the Cart Trail to the north-west came together. In May 1877, Spencer Bedford filed for a homestead at the trail junction where his home was described by an early visitor as “of modem architecture with something of a rustic appearance”.

Calf Mountain from the south, taken from the lowland south of the mound

Calf Mountain from the south, taken from the lowland south of the mound (no date)
Source: Al Thorleifson

Calf Mountain from the east, with the photographer standing approximately where the photographer stood in 1909 when Montgomery had his picture taken while standing on the unopened mound

Calf Mountain from the east, with the photographer standing approximately where the photographer stood in 1909 when Montgomery had his picture taken while standing on the unopened mound (no date)
Source: Al Thorleifson

View from the top of Calf Mountain. Note trail marker at left.

View from the top of Calf Mountain. Note trail marker at left. (no date)
Source: Ed Grassick

Site Location (lat/long): N49.18094, W98.38606
denoted by symbol on the map above

Sources:

Boundary Trail Heritage Region

This page was prepared by Ed Grassick, Gordon Goldsborough, and Al Thorleifson.

Page revised: 11 June 2017

Historic Sites of Manitoba

This is a collection of historic sites in Manitoba compiled by the Manitoba Historical Society.

Browse lists of:
Museums/Archives | Buildings | Monuments | Cemeteries | Locations | Other

Please note that inclusion in this collection does not mean that a particular site has special status or protection. Some sites are on private property and permission must be secured from the owner prior to visiting.

Site information is provided by the Manitoba Historical Society as a free public service only for non-commercial purposes.


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